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1 ­­­­ 1918 ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ (­­) ­­­­-­­­­­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ — ­­ ­­­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­: “… ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­-­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­” (3; 40). ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ 1917 ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­, ’­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­’­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­.: “… ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­… ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­쳿, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­…” (3; 41). ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­” ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­­”. ­­­ ­­­­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­  ­­­­­ ­: “… ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ — ­­, ­ ­­ — ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­” (3; 42).

­ 1 ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­­­­ ­­: “ ­ ­, ­, ­ ­­!.. ­­­ ­­­ ­: ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­ ­­ , ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­…” (3; 43).

9 ­­­­ 1918 ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ — ­­­­­­­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ (). ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­.

­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­­ 1918 ­ ­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­­-­­­­­­ ­. ­ ­­­­ ­­­­-­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. , 5 ­­­­ 1918 ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­­ “ ­”, ­­­­ ’­­­ “ ­­”, ­­­ ­­ ­ “­­ ­”. ­­­ ­­­ , ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ 10 ­­­­ 1918 ­ ­­ “ ³­­­”. ­, ­­­ “ ³­­”, “ ­­”, “ ³­­­”, “­­­­ ­”, “ ³­­­”, ­­­ “ ­”. 1919 ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ : “­ ­­”, “­­ ­”, “ ³­­­”.

­­­, ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ — “” “­­”. ­­ ’­­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ , ­­ — ­­­ ­­­ — ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­: ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­­­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ , ­ ­­., “­­­­­ ­” 28 ­­­­ 1918 ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ “ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ , ­ ­­­ ­ ­’­…” (4). ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ Ƴ­.

­­­ ­­­ ­­­-­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ , ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­­­ “ ³­­­”: “ ­­­ ­­­­”, “ ­­­­ ­­­­­­­”, “ ­­ ­­” (7), “ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­”, “­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­” (8) ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. “ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­, , ­ ­­­ ­­” (8), — ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. “ ³­­­­” ­ ­ ­ “ϳ ­­ ­­­”, ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­.

­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ , ­­ ­­ ­­ — ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­­­­­, ­­­­, ­­­ — ­­­­­ ­­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­-­­­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­-­­­­­ ­.

1 ­­ 1918 ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­ “³­ ­­­­ ­­­­­­ ³­­­ ” ­­­­. ­­ 1, ­­­­ ­ ­­­: “… ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­” (1).

­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ “”, ­ ­­ ­ ’­­­ 2 ­­ 1919 ­, ­­­­ ­ ­ ­’­­­­­ ­­ ­­­: “­ “” ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ — ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ .

­­­ ­­­ — ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­. , ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­: ­­­­­ ­­; , ­ ­­ ­ — ­­­­ : ­­­­ ­­­­…” (9). ֳ ­­ ­­­­ ­ .. (­ ­­­­. — ..) “­­ ­ ­­­ ­­”, ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­­­­­ ­ “ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­, ­­ ­ ­…” (9).

³ ­­ ­­ 1919 ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­: “ ­ ­­­­­” ­­ ­­­­ (10), “- ­­” ­­ ­­­­ (11), “ ­­­­ ­­” (13) “ ­­ ­­” ­­ ­­ (12).

­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­쳿 “”, ­­ 1 ­­ 1919 ­. ­­ 1, ­­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ “ ­ ­­!”, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ’­­ ­­­ ­: “, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ , ­ ­­­­. ­ ­­!” (14). ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ 22 ­­ 1919 ­: ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­­­ ’ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­, ­ . “ ­ ­ ­­­ ­” ­ ­­­­. ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ’­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­­­­, ­­ ­. , “” 13 ­­ 1919 ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ .: “ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ … ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ’­­­ ­­” (15).

­­­­ ­, , ­ ’­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ϳ­­­­ ­­­, ϳ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­.

­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­­­­­ ­­­­ “” ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­. , ­ ­ ­­­ “ ­ ­­ ­” ­­­­ ­­­­­ “ ­­” (16) ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­­.

­­ “” ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­. ­­­, ­­­­ ­ “ ­­­ ­­­” 29 ­­ 1919 ­ ­ , “ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­” (18). ­ ­­­­­­ ­­: “ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ , ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ’­, ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­… ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­… ­’­­ — ­­­ ­! ­ ­­: ­­­ ­­­­ — ­ ­!” (18).

­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­­ “ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ …: ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­” (2). ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­쳿 ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­.

­­ ­ ­­­ “” ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­­­­­­­ ­­ ­­­­­. ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­’­­­­ ­­ ­­ “”, ­ ­­­­­ 25 ­­­ 1919 ­: “ ­­­ — ­­ ­­­ ­쳿 ­ ­­­ ­­ ­” (17).

­­­­ ­­ 1919 ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­: “ ­­ ” (19), “³ ­ ­­ ­­” “ ­­ ­­­” (20), “ ­­­ (­­­)” (21).

­ ­­­ ­, ­­ — ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­ 57 “” 18 ­­ 1919 ­ ­­­­­ ­ “ ­­” ., ­­: “… (­­­. — ..) ­ ­ ­­­­: ­­ ­­­: 1) ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­; 2) ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­; 3) ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­…” (22). ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­. ֳ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­쳿 ­ , ­ ­­­­­ “” ­ ­­.

“” ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­: “1. ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­. 2. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. 3. ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ . 4. ­­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­. 5. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­. 6. ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­” (23). ­ “ ­­­­ ­?” ­­ 82 ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­: “… ­ — ­ ­­ , ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­­… ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­…” (24).

­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­.

ϳ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ (­­­, ­­, ͳ­­­­, ­­) ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ — , ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­.

ϳ­­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­: “  ­­­­ ­, ­ ­, ­­ ­” (5; 74) , ­­­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ “ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­” (6; 69).

____________

1.        ³ ³ . — 1918. — .1.

2.        ³ ­­ ­ . — 1919. — .10.

3.         . 50- // ­ 1978 . — ѳ: , 1978. — .30-48.

4.         . — 1918. — .3.

5.         . 1900 — 50- : ­ ­­­­­, , // ­ ... — , 1995. — .1. — .72-96.

6.         . - (­ ղ — ). — : , 1995.

7.         ³. — 1918. — .1.

8.         ³. — 1918. — .2.

9.        . — 1919. — .1.

10.     . — 1919. — .27.

11.     . — 1919. — .37.

12.     . — 1919. — .87.

13.     . — 1919. — .89.

14.     . — 1919. — .1.

15.     . — 1919. — .2.

16.     . — 1919. — .7.

17.     . — 1919. — .13.

18.     . — 1919. — .25.

19.     . — 1919. — .40.

20.     . — 1919. — .45.

21.     . — 1919. — .46.

22.     . — 1919. — .57.

23.     . — 1919. — .67.

24.     . — 1919. — .82.

 

 



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